Unit 1 - Introductions
In this unit you will be introduced to the Bininj people and the Bininj Kunwok languages
Unit 2 - Family matters ...
Unit 3 - Coming and going
Unit 4 - Karrinahnarren
This week you will read two stories from the Living Archive of Aboriginal Languages (you can always read more, but only some books on the site have audio recordings with them).
Kakkak nang means Grandmother saw …
Note that ‘grandmother’ in English could refer to a few different people, but in Kunwinjku it refers to specifically to mother’s mother.
Kokok wam means Older brother went …
Note that in Kunwinjku there is a different term for a brother if he’s older or younger than the speaker.
GRAMMAR NOTE: This unit’s reading introduces the past tense of two very common verbs.
In Unit 1 we read about Duruk kanan – “the dog sees” which was in present tense. Note the use of the 3sg pronominal prefix ka- on the verb nan.
Here we read about Kakkak nang where the verb nan (see) becomes nang in the past tense (saw). There are other verbs that change like this (like this one from unit 1):
- kahdolkkan = he/she is standing up
- dolkkang = he/she stood up
Note also that in the past tense, the pronominal prefix 3sg is dropped (you don’t say *Kakkak kanang) – we’ll come across this again in later units.
The other book is also in the past tense, where wam (went) is the past tense form of re (go). This is an irregular form, and worth learning as it’s such a common verb.