Objects can be either of two types:
- direct object – an item in a sentence which indicates the thing or being which is immediately affected by the action of the verb
- eg. he bought a book, she saw the boy
- note that the effect on the object may not be tangible – in these example sentences, the book is affected by the person buying it, while the boy is not affected by the person seeing him
- Direct objects follow transitive verbs
- indirect object – an item in a sentence which accompanies the direct object and which frequently denotes the person or thing affected by an action
- eg She wrote a letter to her cousin; She gave him the book.
For an indirect object to appear, a sentence normally already has a direct object.
- In English, indirect objects are normally indicated by the word to or the form of the pronoun